The Java Barb is a native of Asia. Specifically the Mekong and Chao Phraya basins through the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Java.
The Java barb prefers to swim in the midwater to lower water colunm levels in rivers and streams. They prefer slow moving waters and usually avoid fast water areas.
The Java bard are largely vegetarians but also feed on small invertebrates.
The fish is sold in local fish markets and is occasionally seen in the aquarium trade. The Java barb has barbels that are very small.