Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) is commonly found in both lakes, ponds and small creeks despite the name. Brook trout are native to the eastern part of North America but they have been stocked both legally and illegally in non-native waters such as the Sierras in California.
A brook trout is technically not really a trout but would better be classified as a char, which are closely related hence the same genus name of Salvelinus which is shared by both trout and chars as well as salmon.
Key Notes and Tips:
*Brook Trout forage consist mainly of insect and crustacians and fish. The larger the trout the more likely it is to include fish in its diet.
*Brook Trout have scattered red dots on their sides surrounded by bright-blue halos.
*The pectoral, pelvic and anal fins are pale to bright-orange with a white leading edge followed by a black stripe.
*A Brook Trout back is dark olive-green or gray-green, mottled with dark, squiggly or wormlike markings from head to tail, including the fins.
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